Sunday, 13 January 2013

Fiji's Extinct Megafauna

Fiji Post released a set of four stamps feature the Fiji’s Extinct Megafauna on  August 15,  2006. The 50c stamp depicts  Fiji Crocodile or Volia athollandersoni.

Volia athollandersoni or Fiji Crocodile was an extinct genus of Fiji mekosuchine crocodylian. It was around 2–3 meters long.  It is the greatest predator of the Pleistocene ecosystems of Fiji.Fossils of Volia athollandersoni have been found in Fiji Islands at Voli-Voli Cave and Wainibuku Cave.

Vitilevu Giant Pigeon (Natunaornis gigoura)

The Viti Levu Giant Pigeon (Natunaornis gigoura) was a flightless pigeon, only slightly smaller than the dodo (Raphus cucullatus) and Rodrigues solitaire (Pezophaps solitaria).

Vitilevu Rail (Vitirallus watlingi)

The Viti Levu Rail (Vitirallus watlingi) was a prehistoric flightless bird from Fiji. The Viti Levu Rail was a very elongated and slender bill compared with  the Bar-winged Rail (Nesoclopeus poecilopterus). The name of the genus refers to Viti the island of origin in Fiji and rallus for rails.

Giant Fiji ground frog (Platymantis megabotoniviti)

Platymantis megabotoniviti is an extinct species of frog in the family Ranidae. The species was described from bones of late Quaternary age from caves on Viti Levu, Fiji.

Platymantis megabotoniviti is much larger than the other two species of Platymantis known from Fiji, P. vitianus and P. vitiensis.

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