Saturday, 10 March 2012

Traditional Dances of Korea Republic

On April 10, 2008, Korea Post issued stamp set features the traditional dance on 4 postage stamps as  promotion  stamps to the 24th International Stamp Exhibition – Philakorea 2009. The classic dance depicted are fan dance, solo dance for cleansing, monk’s dance and dance of peace.
Fan dance or Buchaechum is a traditional form of Korean dance, usually performed by groups of female dancers. This dance performs  for celebrations. They use fans painted with pink peony blossoms and display a show of dance.

In the dance being performed, the dancers represent images using the fans e.g. flowers, butterflies and waves. They wear hanbok, the Korean traditional dress in bright colors.

Solo dance for spiritual cleansing or the Salpuri Chum (Salpuri dance) is the most popular and the most often performed traditional dance in Korea .  There are certain characteristics in Salpuri Chum.

First of these is the three basic components of the Salpuri dance movement : the Maenneun-Hyeong (the concentration of tension), the Eoreuneun -Hyeong (controlled relaxation of tension) and finally the Puneun-Hyeong (emission of emotion to completely resolve tension).

Second, Salpuri Chum has elements of Jeong -Jung -Dong which means that there is an element of activity in a general environment of serenity.

The main Chumsawi (dance movement) is founded on the Meomchuneun Sawi (pausing motion) which then leads to Eoreuneun Sawi and Ppurineun Sawi (similar to the motion of splashing water, using the snap of the arm and the hand).

Seungmu or Monk's dance is a Korean dance performed by Buddhist monks. It is one of the most famous Korean traditional dances and designated as South Korea's important intangible cultural asset number 27 in 1969. It has been developed into a solo dance by professional dancers nowadays.
The dancer wears a robe (jangsam) with long sleeve called gasa and white hood called (gokkal). The drum or bubgo is the most important part of Seungmu.

The seungmu integrates the eight rhythmic cycles: yeombul, dodeuri, taryeong, jajin taryeong, gutgeori, dwit gutgeori, gujeong nori, and saesanjo. Every now and then, when one rhythm shifts to another, the dancer changes the mood by changing his steps.

Taepyeongmu or Dance of Peace is a Korean dance with the function of wishing a great peace for the country. Its exact origin is unknown, but Hahn Seongjun a well known dancer and drummer, rearranged the dance in the early 20th century.  The costumes used by the dancers are similar to the gwanbok  formerly worn by Korea's kings and queens.
Taepyeongmu is designated as one of the Important Intangible Cultural Properties of South Korea.

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