Monday, 7 November 2011

Pioneers of the Industrial Revolution



The stamps issued consists of eight stamps  in setenant pairs features the individuals of science and industry were  made the biggest impact on the UK’s Industrial Revolution . A shortlist of eight individuals was selected for their contribution to manufacturing and creating the infrastructure that allowed manufactured products to reach their markets. The selected pioneer are Matthew Boulton, James Watt, Richard Arkwright, Josiah Wedgwood, George Stephenson, Henry Maudslay, James Brindley, John Mc Adam.

 
image

1st Class – Matthew Boulton – Manufacturing

(1728-1809) A Birmingham factory owner and engineer whose Soho works and capital facilitated the manufacture of James Watt’s steam engines. Boulton and Watt’s engines had all manner of applications, from powering manufacturing machinery to keeping mines drained.





 
 
 
image

 

1st Class – James Watt – Steam Engineering

(1736-1819) Probably the strongest contender for the title of father of the steam age because of his years of hard work in improving the Newcomen design by getting the steam to condense in a separate chamber to the piston.
 
  



 
image

50p – Richard Arkwright – Textiles

(1732-1792) Generally credited with having invented the ‘water frame and sometimes known as the ‘father of the industrial revolution’. The water frame was capable of producing long lengths of cotton thread strong enough for the warp in cloth, and Arkwright opened the world’s first water-powered cotton mill in Derbyshire.
 
  





image
 
 

50p – Josiah Wedgwood – Ceramics

(1730-1795) Wedgwood not only pioneered the industrial production of ceramics, he was an archetypical industrialist of the age: religious dissenter, anti-slavery campaigner and member of the Lunar Society.
 
  



 
image

56p – George Stephenson – Railways

(1781-1848) Stephenson invented or developed several aspects of rail transport which are still with us to this day, including flanged wheels, and the standard gauge. Aside from building the Rocket, he worked very hard to improve the quality of the cast iron for the rails to ensure they did not snap.



 
 
 
image
 

56p – Henry Maudslay – Machine Making

(1771-1831). Maudslay saw that the new age of machines would require metal to be worked with precision. He pioneered the making of the machines – lathes, drills, planning machines, etc. which were used to make the other machines of the revolution.



 
 
 
image

 

72p – James Brindley – Canal Engineering

(1716-1772) One of the most important engineers of the eighteenth century and a maker of canals, most notably the Bridgewater, started in 1759, which set the template for later canals. Brindley also pioneered many of the techniques that were later used in railway building. 



 
 
 
image

 

72p – John McAdam – Road Building

(1756-1836). While Thomas Telford is usually the major celebrity of Industrial Revolution transport infrastructure, it was McAdam’s designs and building techniques that created Britain’s first decent all-weather roads.
  




No comments: