Tuesday, 10 May 2011

Tallinn Zoo of Estonia

On March 26, 1997, the Estonia Post to commemorate the participation of Tallinn Zoo of Estonia in to the EEPs programmes. The issued stamp in sheetlet consist of 6 stamps depicted the endangered species in the wild.
The European Endangered Species Programme -EEP- organization which works under the auspices of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) has coordinated captive breeding programmes, it aims to save endangered species from extinction in the wild. The Tallinn Zoo participates in 25 EEPs, and is international coordinator of two of them.
Steller’s Sea-eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus) is one of the world’s most majestic and powerful eagles. It is a native of the Far East, and its range extends from Kamchatka down to the Korean peninsula. The main adversary of the species in the wild is man who destroys its habitats by felling trees and polluting the environment.
Half a century ago the European Mink (Mustela lutreola) was spread throughout Europe. By today its range has drastically dwindled and the species is on the verge of extinction due to loss of habitats, excessive hunting and introduction of the American Mink in Europe. The Tallinn Zoo coordinates the EEP of the species.
The Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus) is a scavenger with a wide area of distribution. But due to today’s high veterinary and sanitary standards, in some regions, particularly Europe, the species can no longer get sufficient natural food and is in need of protection and increase in stock by means of captive breeding. .
The Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is one of the world’s rarest carnivores whose population in the wild does not exceed half a hundred individuals scattered in the boundary regions of southeastern Russia, northeastern China and northern Korea. Due to the density of human population in the area and rampant poaching, the existence of the species has become precarious. Without radical protective measures and purposeful breeding in capitivity this beautiful animal will meet its doom in the nearest future.
The Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a solitary animal of African savannas and the bush. As a result of poaching, its numbers have decreased by more than 95 percent during the last three decades. Today, the population is about 3,000 animals in the wild, plus about 200 in captivity. Only efficient conservation work and joint efforts of the zoos can save the species from ultimate collapse.
The East Caucasian Tur (Capro cylindricornis) is an endemic species of the eastern Caucasus whose numbers have decreased by 75 percent during the last decade. Because of economic instability and constant warfare in the region the species is particularly endangered. It is to be hoped that the EEP coordinated by the Tallinn Zoo will play a counterbalancing role.

No comments: