Wednesday, 18 May 2011

Life at the Sea Coast (Aquaculture)

Foroyar Post issued the stamp series featured the life at the Sea Coast or Aquaculture in the Faroes Islands on March 24, 2010. The stamp represented in miniature sheet comprised of two stamps.This issuance to be included in the Nordic stamp series.

Faroese society combined farming and fishing from the earliest times up to the second half of the 19th century. The people of the Faroes lived by farming and by catching fish, birds and whales. Then hunting developed to a greater extent than did farming, which almost disappeared. This development continued until about 40 years ago when a completely new type of farming arose: aquaculture.
Aquaculture is "farming", meanwhile fishing is "hunting". Each of these two lifestyles represents its own social system and basic culture. Aquaculture depends on modern technology and up-to-date research to a considerable extent and has therefore never before been possible.


The social system is the same as we are familiar with from ancient times: people want to control nature and adapt it to enable them to create permanent settlements. And even though modern fishing is also dependent on the latest technology and research, in principle it follows the time-honoured pattern of the hunter-gatherer society in that it follows the animals it hunts.

Aqua culturists are the farmers of the sea. They do not catch fish as hunters do. Aquaculture has become the second-biggest business in the Faroes and will have superseded traditional fishing in a few years – depending on whether this is calculated by volume or turnover.

At times, fishing approaches its ultimate limits where quotas are concerned and aquaculture has also had a number of dramatic reverses when nature imposed its own limits through disease and mortality, for instance. Nevertheless, both occupations have flourished in recent years so that the combination of social systems than can be observed in the Faroes at present is rather reminiscent of the ancient social system, with the difference that we now "cultivate" fish rather than plants.

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