Monday, 21 February 2011

Slovenian puppets

Slovenia Post issued the stamp series feature their puppetry tradition on May 28, 2005. The issuance stamps consisted of 5 stamps with recognised heroes of the Slovenian puppet creativity and uniform face of value 0.92E.

It has to be pointed out that the added technological sketches on the stamp illustrations are only a symbolic orientation, especially with the shadow puppets and the marionettes.
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The oldest known puppet technique in Slovenia was the technique of rod puppets. In Prlekija these puppets were called lileki. The word represents empty snake skin which describes picturesquely the fundamentality of these puppets – a coat and a hat hanging on a wooden cross.

The short puppet performances usually presented boundary issues; neighbours Gašper and Melko were fighting over the boundary while the puppeteer, in the role of a Judge was calming them down. In 2004 Nick Upper (Niko Goršič) used this type of puppet to perform the oldest Slovenian children's play Tinček Petelinček written by August von Kotzebua, translated by Valentin Vodnik and being performed in the Global Theatre. Matej Vogrinčič designed the puppets.

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Marionettes have been known in Slovenia since the end of the 19th century. The painter Milan Klemenčič gave the marionettes his own personal character when, in his hometown Šturje in Ajdovščina in 1910, he presented the first Slovenian puppet performance The Dead Man in a Red Coat, following an Italian model.It was translated from German, where the main character was the cunning Kasper.
After the professional Ljubljana Puppet Theatre had been founded in 1948, Klemenčič prepared sketches of puppets and scenes for the Franz Pocci play The Wishing Fairy, which was directed by Jože Pengov in 1951. The main character in this play is also Kasper who, by the means of his violin, makes everyone dance the way he wants. Nace Simončič lent the voice and Črt Škodlar animated the marionette.

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Shadow puppets are one of the oldest theatre puppets. They are popular in all the cultures from China, India to Indonesia, as well as the Arab countries. In Slovenia they became popular thanks to Dr Niko Kuret and his book The Merry Home. In 1992 Jože Pengov's puppet theatre put on stage the Slovenian folk ballad Desetnica. The shadow puppet play was arranged and directed by Helena Šobar Zajc. The puppets were made of parchment and were designed by Alenka Sotlar. She was following the model of the traditional shadow puppets, which are mostly decorated with perforated parchment to create a lace-like effect.

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Hand puppets have also been known in Slovenia at least since the beginning of the 20th century. Niko Kuret is the pioneer of the folk puppet theatre in Slovenia. At the end of the 30's in the 20th century he replaced Kasper with Pavliha, which he took from Levstik's satirical poetry. From 1953 to 1955 the Ljubljana Puppet Theatre performed several King Marko hand puppet plays by Fran Milčinski, where the director Jože Pengov animated Pavliho.

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The Slovenian Sokol marionette stages, as well as the Ljubljana Puppet Theatre, hosted Martin Krpan several times during 1950. The play was directed by Milan Skrbinski and Jože Pengov.
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2 comments:

online practice paper said...

Very informative info about Pupit. I love to watch Pupit show and watch many of them and wonder about it how the made and work. I must say your blog make it clear thanks for sharing it.

Puppet Shows in the Philippines said...

This is very informational. Thanks for sharing your knowledge in puppets.