Friday, 18 February 2011

THE ANEMONE FLOWER OF CYPRUS

Cyprus Post issued the Anemone Flower stamp series and comprised of 4 stamps with multi colour background. The stamp set feature the Anemone Coronaria flower with purple, white, red and pink colour.


 
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Anemone coronaria (poppy anemone, Spanish marigold, "dağ lalesi" in Turkish, "Calanit" in Hebrew, "Shaqa'iq An-Nu'man" in Arabic) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Anemone, native to the Mediterranean region.









 






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It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 20–40 cm tall (rarely to 60 cm), with a basal rosette of a few leaves, the leaves with three leaflets, each leaflet deeply lobed. The flowers are borne singly on a tall stem with a whorl of small leaves just below the flower; the flower is 3–8 cm diameter, with 5-8 red, white or blue petal-like tepals.











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It is widely grown for its decorative flowers.A very common perennial with beautiful showy flowers in many colors. Anemones of all colors belong to the same botanical species and are inter fertile. The color of the flower is determined genetically by the respective parent plants. The common colors are red, white, pink, purple and blue.












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Anemones have a rounded bulb close to the soil surface. The flowers and leaves emerge directly from this bulb. After the first rains the leaves break out. They have a long petiole and three dissected lobes. The flowers appear later in mid-winter, each carried on top of a leafless hairy stalk. The flower stalks are bent and break the ground with a special hook.


Aboveground they straighten and bear a whorl of 3 bracts underneath the flower.As the flower ages, the distance to the bract increases, and in the red ones, a white ring develops at the base of the petals.








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The flowers have 5-6 colourful petals. The pistils and stamens in dark metallic blue, almost black, colour are located at the centre. The flowers attract beetles and bees that feed on the pollen released by the stamens while transferring pollen from one flower to another. The beetles probably take advantage of the large flowers also for meeting and copulating with the opposite sex. Each composite fruit contains hundreds of seeds that bear fluffy hairs which aid their dispersal by the wind.

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