Saturday, 1 January 2011


On year 2009, Spain Post issued The “Popular Dances” stamp series to widespread the rich folklore of Spanish culture is on this occasion devoted to the Sardana and the Jota.
La Jota,
The Jota is the most popular dance in Spanish folklore, spreading from North to South across the country. It is performed in pairs, with dancers facing each other and exchanging positions with small precise steps. The plucking of the feet requires great skill and liveliness which results in steps of great beauty.
It has three different parts. The first part begins with a small group doing some introductory singing and the couple taking up their positions waiting for the proper song to begin , meanwhile in the middle part the dancing takes place and the dancers are accompanied by castanets and drums and in the final part, dancers perform with vigorous and faster steps.
La Sardana,
The Sardana is the most representative dance of Catalonia. Its origins are said to be in ancient Greece and in the cult of the sun of old civilizations following a circular movement. It is danced by a group of men and women who join hands alternately in a closed circle. The basic pattern of the Sardana is a series of long and short steps; the precise combination is determined by the leader, who signals the steps with a hand squeeze that is passed around the circle to make music and footsteps coincide.
Music for the Sardana is played by a cobla, a band consisting of wind instruments, double bass and a tamborí (very small drum) the flabiol which is a small fipple flute, the tenora and tible .The brass instruments include: two trumpets, two fiscorns, and a trombone.
The social success of this dance lies in its nature, open to any passers by wishing to join in.

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