Monday, 20 December 2010

Mahatma Gandhi and Orchids of Guine-Bissau stamp


Guine Bissau Post issued the unique theme of souvenir sheet that featured one stamp depicted Mahatma Gandhi and the chosen background pictures of three species of orchids, Phragmipedium, Vanilla planifolia, Paphiopedium aragon. It is a unique what is the corelation between orchid flower with Mahatma Gandhi..

Mahatma Gandhi, was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He pioneered satyagraha. Gandhi dedicated his life to the wider purpose of discovering truth, or Satya. He tried to achieve this by learning from his own mistakes and conducting experiments on himself.This is defined as resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly founded upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence. This concept helped India to gain independence, and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

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Phragmipedium is a genus of the Orchid family (Orchidaceae) with the Subfamily Cypripedioideae . About 20 species of these lady's slipper orchids are known from SW Mexico, Central and tropical South America. Most Phragmipedium species are either terrestrial, epiphytic or lithophytic in habit. They show a unique shieldlike staminode, long, moustache-like petals and a 3-locular ovary. The large pouchlike lip is curved inwards at the margins. The acute leaves attain a length of about 80cm. The stem lacks pseudobulbs and grows about 80 cm high, showing 2 to 3 flowers.

Vanilla planifolia is a species of vanilla orchid.It is one of the primary sources for vanilla flavouring, due to its high vanillin content. Common names are Flat-leaved Vanilla, Tahitian Vanilla and West Indian Vanilla.Vanilla planifolia is found in Central America and the West Indies. It prefers hot, wet, tropical climates. It is harvested mostly in Mexico and Madagascar.Flowers are greenish-yellow, with a diameter of 5 cm (2 in).The plants are self-fertile, and pollination simply requires a transfer of the pollen from the anther to the stigma. If pollination does not occur, the flower is dropped the next day.

Paphiopedilum argus or Paphiopedilum aragon is a species of orchid endemic to Luzon Island of the Philippines. The name is a reference to the greek god Argus, who had one hundred eyes, like the spots on the petals. The flower size goes up to 4" (10 cm). It is commonly found on limestone in altitudes 600 to 2000 feet high.

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