Saturday, 25 September 2010

Nature Conservation of Slovakia - 1996

On 16th of July 1996, Slovakia Post Office issued the set of 3 pieces stamps depicted the endangered animal of Slovakia, The Tatra Chamois, The European Bison, and The Mouflon. The Tatra Chamois depicted on left side, The European Bison depicted on middle, and The Mouflon depicted on right side.


The Tatra Chamois.
The Tatra chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica) is a mountain animal and a rare sub-species listed in the Red Book as an endemic form with a very restricted habitat (the High and Low Tatras) and population of about six hundred. In view of this it must be considered an endangered species and is protected by law. It inhabits alpine and sub-alpine meadows in varied highland terrain, avoiding continuous forests and areas of dwarf pine, isolated sheer rock faces and sharp formations. Its natural enemies are the lynx and the rock eagle, and it is most susceptible to mange and blindness, common in the Alps.

The European Bison.
The European bison (Bison bonasus), the largest of the continent's land mammals, died out in the late Middle Ages. It survived into the twentieth century in the wild only in Poland and Caucasia. As its world population has reached somewhat over 2,000, it is listed in the IUCN Red Book as a protected species. The preservation of the bison is Europe's greatest achievement in animal protection.

The Mouflon.
The mouflon (Ovis musimon) is a large, short-fleeced game animal with a characteristically ovine body. It is not indigenous to Slovakia, but was introduced from Corsica. It is estimated that there are currently about four thousand specimens in Slovakia, with around a thousand being hunted annually. The world mouflon population is around seventy thousand.Mouflon migrating to far area hunting grounds with favourable conditions. These include varied rocky terrain with warm sunny slopes and sparse growth of deciduous and mixed, rather than coniferous woods. The mouflon has a good tolerance of difficult climatic conditions if not combined with deep snow.

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