Sunday, 11 October 2009

Peafowl birds on Laos stamp


Peafowl

The male is called a peacock, the female a peahen, though it is common to hear the female also referred to as a "peacock" or "female peacock." The female peafowl is brown or toned grey and brown.The two species are: Indian Peafowl, Pavo cristatus, Green Peafowl, Pavo muticus .


The Indian Peafowl is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent. The peacock is designated as the national bird of India.
The Green Peafowl breeds from Burma east to Java, as vulnerable to extinction species due to hunting and a reduction in extent and quality of habitat.



The peafowl are forest birds that nest on the ground. The Pavo peafowl are terrestrial feeders but roost in trees.Both species of Peafowl are believed to be polygamous. During mating season they will often emit a very loud high pitched cry. Peafowl are omnivorous and eat plant parts, flower petals, seed heads, insects and other arthropods, reptiles, and amphibians. Hybridization has created some concern as the Green Peafowl is endangered. Due to hunting and a reduction in extent and quality of habitat, the Green Peafowl is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

The male (peacock) Indian Peafowl has iridescent blue-green or green coloured plumage. The female (peahen) Indian Peafowl has a mixture of dull green, brown, and grey in her plumage. She lacks the long upper tail coverts of the male but has a crest.

The Green Peafowl is very different in appearance to the Indian Peafowl. The male has green and gold plumage and has an erect crest. The wings are black with a sheen of blue.The Green Peahen is very similar to the male, only having shorter upper tail coverts and less iridescence. It is very hard to tell a juvenile male from an adult female.

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